Wales – the land of science

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Wales is home to some of the best scientists in the world. The achievements of a certain William Jones from nearby Llanfihangel Tre’r Beirdd on Anglesey is definitely an inspiration. In 1706 he invented the modern symbol for Pi. The equal sign was invented in 1557 by Robert Recorde in Tenby, south-west Wales.

Born in Swansea, William Robert Grove developed the very first fuel cell in 1842 which produced electrical energy by combining hydrogen and oxygen.

Alfred Russel Wallace from Monmouthshire, produced a theory of natural selection in 1858, which he subsequently sent to Charles Darwin for review, unaware that Darwin himself had come to the same conclusion.

Caernarfon’s William Henry Preece developed and introduced wireless telegraphy in 1889.
We all have great ideas. But how many become reality? To turn that idea into a successful venture something extra is needed. Something which helps that initial spark light the way to a better future.
Brian Josephson from Cardiff was only 22 years old when he did the work on quantum tunnelling that won him the Nobel Prize in Physics. The Josephson effect was the discovery that super current could flow indefinitely without any voltage applied.

In 2008 over a billion people tuned in to watch Dr Lyn Evans from Aberdare turn on the biggest and most expensive science experiment the world has ever seen. The Large Hadron Collider led to the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012 which will change science forever.
Mars Rover

Bangor University has a reputation for excellence in research, and the history of the University is no different. The ground-breaking science which was to underpin the stability of aircraft in flight was discovered in Bangor in the 20th century by George Hartley Bryan, Professor of Mathematics. It still governs aeroplane stability today.


During a period as Professor of Physics at Bangor in the 1950s and 60s, Raymond Andrew made a crucial discovery in the field of nuclear magnetic resonance, which has been the basis for major developments in medicine. This discovery was the narrowing of NMR lines by the technique known as ‘magic angle spinning’.

Dr Tom Parry Jones, of Menai Bridge, was a Bangor Chemisty graduate in 1958 and invented the electronic breathalyser, which has been used to catch drink-drivers around the world. He was awarded and OBE for his work.

The first female graduate in Forestry Studies in the world, Mary Sutherland, graduated from Bangor in 1916. She went on to work in the New Zealand Forestry Service where she played a major role in the development of the state forestry service.


Wales has a great deal to shout about and M-SParc will work to create the perfect conditions to inspire and enhance a new generation of scientists to add to our nation’s already great scientific tradition.




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Dewiswch eich iaith rwan, i arbed amser pan fyddwch chi’n ymweld tro nesaf. Digon hawdd i chi newid iaith nes ymlaen.

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